Funding Acknowledgement

This project is made possible with funding by the Government of Ontario and through eCampusOntario’s support of the Virtual Learning Strategy. To learn more about the Virtual Learning Strategy visit the VLS website.

This open educational resource (OER) textbook was developed collaboratively by Georgian College, Loyalist College and Conestoga College. Each institution generously provided additional support, with contributors noted below.


Content Authors

  • Gregory A. Anderson, HBSc, MSc, PhD – Georgian College
  • Jackie MacDonald, HBSc, MSc – Conestoga College
  • Adrienne Richards, HBSc, MSc – Georgian College
  • J.R. van Haarlem, HBSc, MES – Loyalist College
  • David Wegman, HBSc, PhD – Georgian College

Content Reviewer

  • Caryn Fahey, BSc, MEd – Loyalist College

Project Manager

  • Samantha Sullivan Sauer, HBSc, MASc, BEd – Georgian College

Copyright, AODA & Tech Support

  • Jen Booth, BA, MISt – Georgian College

Student Contributors

  • Daryl Shaun Aranha – Georgian College
  • Benny Baby – Georgian College
  • Tania Deane – Conestoga College
  • Abiney John- Conestoga College
  • Revathi Mahadevan – Georgian College
  • David McCuaig – Conestoga College

Additional Administrative Supports

  • Holly Ashbourne – Conestoga College
  • Kimberlee Carter – Conestoga College
  • Amanda Duncan – Georgian College
  • Emma Greenfield – Georgian College
  • Mark Ihnat – Georgian College
  • Jessica Jones – Georgian College
  • Sula Levesque – Georgian College
  • Debora Moore – Georgian College
  • James Yochem – Conestoga College

Original OER Sources

This OER, Enhanced Introductory College Chemistry, is a collection of resources adapted to meet the needs of students in introductory chemistry courses. In most sections of this OER, updates have been made to the existing content to improve usability and accessibility, incorporate interactive elements and improve the overall student experience.  Except where otherwise noted, images and diagrams are derived from the source attributed at end of each page. This OER adaptation reuses content from the following key resources:

Copyright & Open Licensing

Enhanced Introductory College Chemistry is licensed under CC BY 4.0, except where otherwise noted. Individual sections, content, images and activities are marked with their relevant copyright and open licensing information.

Unless otherwise indicated, third-party texts, images and other materials quoted in this OER are included on the basis of Fair Dealing (Canada) as described in the Code of Best Practices for Fair Use in Open Education.

This digital text OER has been developed with Universal Design for Learning (UDL) elements in mind.  We have made every reasonable effort to ensure accessibility (AODA) and copyright compliance.  We welcome your review and feedback and encourage you to reach out to the project manager or copyright and AODA reviewer with any concerns, suggestions for modifications, and ideas for enhancements.

Please submit feedback to OER[at]


We have done our best to acknowledge all participants involved in this project. In the event, we have made an error please reach out to the project manager to have this corrected.


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Enhanced Introductory College Chemistry Copyright © 2023 by Gregory Anderson; Caryn Fahey; Jackie MacDonald; Adrienne Richards; Samantha Sullivan Sauer; J.R. van Haarlem; and David Wegman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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