Infographics – Text version

This page provides a textual summary of infographics used in the following areas of the book.

2.0a Twelve Women in Chemistry

Carolyn Bertozzi – Chemical Biologist

Bertozzi researches the role of sugars on the surface of cells in diseases such as cancer, and develops technology to advance biomedical research.

Ada Yonath – Crystallographer

Yonath’s research on the structure of the ribosome, which helps cells build proteins, won her a Nobel Prize. She also worked on modes of action of antibiotics.

Susan Solomon – Atmospheric Chemist

Solomon’s work helped confirm that chlorine-containing compounds deplete ozone, and explained why this depletion was focused over the Earth’s poles.

Paula Hammond – Chemical Engineer

Hammond’s research focuses on nanoscale polymers for drug delivery and other applications. She co-founded the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology.

Darleane Hoffman – Nuclear Chemist

Hoffman was one of the researchers who confirmed the existence of element 106, Seaborgium. She also captured and analysed elements heavier than uranium.

Carol Robinson – Physical Chemist

The first female chemistry professor at both Cambridge and Oxford University. Uses mass spectrometry to reveal the structure and reactivity of proteins.

Pratibha Gai – Materials Chemist

Gai co-invented a type of microscope that allows visualisation of reactions at the atomic scale. She chose not to patent it so it could be easily used by others.

Jacqueline Barton – Biophysical Chemist

Barton studies the chemical and physical properties of DNA and the role of charge transport chemistry in DNA repain. She has received numerous awards for her work.

Jennifer Doudna – Molecular Biochemist

Doudna was a leading figure in the development of CRISPR gene editing, a technology that could in the future lead to treatments for a range of diseases.

Tu Youyou – Pharmaceutical Chemist

Won a Nobel Prize for her discovery of artemisinin, a compound derived from the wormwood plant and used as a drug to treat malaria.

Lesley Yellowlees – Inorganic Chemist

The first female president of the Royal Society of Chemistry. Her research focuses on electron transfer reactions, solar energy and EPR spectroscopy.

Polly Arnold – Organometallic Chemist

Arnold’s research focuses on synthetic chemistry and theories of bonding and reactivity, with the ai, of understanding the behaviour of nuclear waste.

Read more about “Twelve Women in Chemistry” by Andy Brunning / Compound Interest, CC BY-NC-ND

10.1a This Day in Chemistry May 12 – Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin was born on May 12, 1910; died July 29, 1994. She’s most famous for being one of only four women to have won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and the only British woman to have done so. This graphic takes a look at the work that earned her the prize:

  • Penicillin (1945): Hodgkin confirmed the structure of penicillin – the first time the structure of a whole molecule had been calculated using X-ray data.
  • Vitamin B12 (1955): Vitamin B12 was, at the time, the most complex molecule tackled by X-ray crystallography. Its structure took Hodgkin eight years to solve.
  • Insulin (1969): Hodgkin first grew crystals of insulin in 1935, but it was another 34 years before she determined its three-dimensional structure.

Read more about “This Day in Chemistry May 12 – Dorothy Hodgkin” by Andy Brunning / Compound Interest, CC BY-NC-ND

Attribution & References

Compound Interest infographics are created by Andy Brunning and licensed under CC BY-NC-ND.

Except where otherwise noted, content on this page has been created as a textual summary of the infographics used within our OER. Please refer to the original website (noted below each description) for further details about the image.


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Enhanced Introductory College Chemistry Copyright © 2023 by Gregory Anderson; Caryn Fahey; Jackie MacDonald; Adrienne Richards; Samantha Sullivan Sauer; J.R. van Haarlem; and David Wegman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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