American Nurses Association. (2017). A call to action: Exploring moral resilience towards a culture of ethical practice [online].Denier, Y., Dhaene, L. & Gastmans, C. (2019). ‘You can give them wings to fly’: a qualitative study on values-based leadership in health care. BMC Med Ethics, 20(35). (2019). doi.org/10.1186/s12910-019-0374-x
Ens, B., Bazylewski, S., & Duchscher, J. Chapter 16. Emerging nursing leadership issues. In Wagner, J., et al. (2018). Leadership and influencing change in nursing [online]. Regina, SK: University of Regina.
Franczukowska, A. A., Krczal, E., Knapp, C., & Baumgartner, M. (2021). Examining ethical leadership in health care organizations and its impacts on employee work attitudes: An empirical analysis from Austria. Leadership in Health Services, 34(3), 229-247. doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S311856
Fox, E., Crigger, BJ., Botterell, M., & Bauck, P. (undated). Ethical leadership, fostering an ethical environment & culture. National Center for Ethics in Health Care. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Pages 13-39.
James, A. H., Bennett, C. L., Blanchard, D., & Stanley, D. (2021). Nursing and values‐based leadership: A literature review. Journal of Nursing Management, 29(5), 916-930. doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13273
Kantek, F., & Kaya, A. (2017). Professional values, job satisfaction, and intent to leave among nursing managers. Journal of Nursing Research, 25(4), 319-325. doi.org/10.1097/JNR.0000000000000164
Oh, J., Cho, D. and Lim, D. H. (2018). Authentic leadership and work engagement: the mediating effect of practicing core values. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 39(2). 276-290. doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-02-2016-0030.
Pajakoski, E., Rannikko, S., Leino-Kilpi, H., & Numminen, O. (2021). Moral courage in nursing – An integrative literature review. Nursing & Health Sciences, 23, 570-585. https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12805.
Pavlish, C., Brown-Saltzman, K., So, L., & Wong, J. (2016). SUPPORT: An evidence-based model for leaders addressing moral distress. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 46(6), 313–320. doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000351.
Wagner, J., et al. (2018). Leadership and influencing change in nursing [online]. Regina, SK: University of Regina.
Case studies from Wagner et al. in Sub-topic 3:
Rodney, P., d’Agincourt Canning, L., McPherson, G., Anderson, J., McDonald, M., Pauly, B., Burgess, M., & Phillips, J. C. Chapter 13. Working within the landscape: Ethics in practice. p.257
- “Mr. Johansen”
Rodney, P., d’Agincourt Canning, L., McPherson, G., Anderson, J., McDonald, M., Pauly, B., Burgess, M., & Phillips, J. C. Chapter 13. Working within the landscape: Ethics in practice p.260.
- “Narrative – A New Graduate’s Journey”
Rodney, P., Kadschuk, S., Liaschenko, J., Brown, H., Musto, L., & Snyder, N. Chapter 9. Moral agency: Relational connections and support. p.176-177.
Additional Reading and Resources
Andrews, J. (2020). Perspectives: Courage in nursing leadership and innovation. Journal of Research in Nursing, 23(3), 308-311. doi.org/10.1177%2F1744987120920742 .
Barkhordari-Sharifabad, M., Ashktorab, T., & Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, F. (2018). Ethical leadership outcomes in nursing: A qualitative study. Nursing Ethics, 25(8), 1051-1063. doi.org/10.1177/0969733016687157
Brene Brown, author of Dare to Lead (2018), has a website with many resources including a Dare to Lead TM Hub, self-assessment tools, certification courses, and links to many resources including blogs, articles, podcasts, and more! Check it out here: https://daretolead.brenebrown.com
Lee, S., Robinson, E. M., Grace, P. J., Zollfrank, A., & Jurchak, M. (2020). Developing a moral compass: Themes from the clinical ethics residency for nurses’ final essays. Nursing Ethics, 27(1), 28–39. doi.org/10.1177/0969733019833125
Huang, N., Qiu, S., Yang, S., & Deng, R. (2021). Ethical leadership and organizational citizenship behavior: Mediation of trust and psychological well-being. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 14, 655–664. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S311856
Raso, R., Fitzpatrick, J., & Masick, K. (2020). Clinical nurses’ perception of nursing leadership and healthy work environment. Journal of Nursing Administration, 50(9), 489-494. doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000921.
Rushton, C. H. (2016). Building moral resilience to neutralize moral distress [online]. American Nurse. Available at: https://www.myamericannurse.com/building-moral-resilience-neutralize-moral-distress/
The National Center for Ethics in Health Care provides many resources and tools for nursing leaders. As noted throughout the resources, the Center is part of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Although the resources target a different health care system, in a different country, the concepts can be applied within the Canadian system.
- The resources include the Centre’s IntegratedEthics® Resources, found here:
For more help on self-care, including templates and activities (and free downloads), you can go to PositivePsycholocy.com, and look at the Self-Care Wheel: Templates, Worksheets, and Activities (2021)