2.12 Key Terms

academic accommodations: accommodations such as alternate format for print materials, classroom captioning, arranging for priority registration, reducing a course load, substituting one course for another, providing note takers, etc. 2.5

accessibility: in educational institutions, accessibility is about making education accessible to all, particularly focusing on providing educational support to a diverse group of students, faculty, and staff with disabilities. 2.5

assistive technologies: technologies that help people with disabilities in the execution of everyday tasks at school or work. 2.5

aural learning mode: to learn best by listening. 2.4

blended learning: a learning method where you have some hours in a classroom with a professor and classmates, but you are also expected to take part in online activities outside of class time. 2.6

CR SIGNS: an acronym that stands for the 7 Job Skills for the Future: complex problem solving, resilience, social intelligence, implementation, global citizenship, novel and adaptive thinking and self-directed learning. 2.2

encoding: how we first perceive information through our senses – sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. 2.2

feeling learning mode: to learn best by associating emotion to the learning. 2.4

Fixed vs. Growth Mindset model: a student’s perception about their own learning accompanied by a broader goal of learning had a significant influence on their ability to overcome challenges and grow in knowledge and ability. 2.3

kinesthetic learning mode: to learn best by doing. 2.4

learning goals: goals that focus on finding opportunities to share ideas and ask questions in order to gain more knowledge. 2.3

learning preferences: the mode or combination of modes that learners tend to prefer or respond well to. 2.4

memorization: a form of learning that does not always require deeper understanding. 2.2

metacognition: thinking about how we learn (thinking about thinking) in order to ahcieve strong and postive results for your own learning. 2.0

Myers-Briggs Personality Assessment: one of the most popular personality tests that consists of four main traits that are represented by two opposites: Extroverted (E) vs. Introverted (I), Intuition (N) vs. Sensing (S), Feeling (F) vs. Thinking (T), Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P). 2.4

negative bias: the psychological trait of focusing on the negative aspects of a situation rather than the positive. 2.3

online (college) course: a course where the instructor is no longer the central figure in the learning environment and the student becomes the central actor in their own learning journey. 2.6

performance goals: goals that focus on appearing intelligent in front of others who are very good at certain tasks but often avoid taking necessary risks for the fear of appearing foolish. 2.3

read/write learning mode: to learn best by reading and taking notes. 2.4

remembering: when the brain allows to recall or retrieve a feeling or information from our long-term memory since it is important and we have had frequent exposure to it. 2.2

resilience: the ability to keep trying and not give up when things get tough until something is finished or accomplished. 2.3

self-directed learning: a learning skill where learners are able to study, practice, and solve problems on their own. 2.6

systemic barriers (challenges): challenges like racism, discrimination, harassment, inclusion, sexual violence, or gender bias that can impact students ultimately leading them to struggle with emotional or mental health issues. 2.5

teacher-directed classrooms: classrooms where the teacher is the central figure, and the students take direction about what to learn directly from the instructor. 2.6

the act of learning: a process that physically changes our brains by altering neurons and creating new paths to receptors. 2.0

visual learning mode: to learn best by seeing pictures, graphs, and charts. 2.4


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