A review of this chapter’s major conclusions, include:

  1. Classical definitions outline leadership as the social influence of the relationship between two or more persons who depend on each other to attain certain mutual goals. Management is the process of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling the activities of employees.
  2. A learning organization is any establishment that fosters growth through learning, and continues to expand that growth in the future. A learning organization is either organic or mechanistic.
  3. Self-awareness is cultivated through Maslow’s understanding of self-actualization. Leaders and managers need to have expectations of themselves and others in order to be self-aware.
  4. The view of leadership and management is based on experiences throughout life.
  5. Many metaphors can be used to describe organizational complexity. It depends on how the individual sees the organization in relation to her or his world view.

Moving through this journey of leadership and management in learning organizations, it is important to understand how past knowledge of leadership and management in your lifetime affects perceptions. These examples can act as a reference to your own understanding of leadership and management, and how your previous encounters relate to understandings within a learning organization.


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Leadership and Management in Learning Organizations Copyright © by Clayton Smith; Carson Babich; and Mark Lubrick is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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