Chapter 7 – Scheduling Resources and Budgets

# 7.19. Learning Activities and Exercises for Students/Teachers

The learning activities can be completed by the Students on their own as a learning opportunity to integrate the materials from the textbook for assignments or tests/exams. Or, they may be used by the Teachers as learning activities in class, or for short answer questions on tests/exams.

## Learning Activities for Students/Teachers

1. Work with a small group. Design a Work Breakdown Structure to bake pizza.
2. In a small group, each person thinks about and identify an example (in your own life) of a time when you were dealing with a 1. Time-constraint  2.  Resource-constraint .  Share the examples with the group.
3. Form a small group. (Activity 3,4,5 can be used separately or as a 3-part activity) Design a budget for a trip with a total cost of \$5000.00 for you and one other person. Include direct costs, indirect costs, overhead costs, and administrative costs. Continue with Activity 4.
4. Open an excel sheet. Design a Gantt Chart for the trip you costed out with another person for \$5000.00.  What did you learn from completing this activity? Continue with Activity 5.
5. Design a Work Breakdown Structure for your trip with another person. Use sub-deliverables to Level 3.

These exercises can be completed by the Students to integrate learning materials for assignments/tests. Or they can be used by the Teachers in class to integrate learning or used on tests/exams.

## Exercises for Students/Teachers

1. Define a Gantt Chart. What makes them valuable to the Project Manager?
2. What is the difference between time-constrained resources and resource-constrained?
3. List the benefits of scheduling people, materials, and equipment?
4. What is the benefit of using a Work Breakdown Structure in project planning?
5. What is the rationale for the use of coding in Work Breakdown Structures?
6. What is the difference between a deliverable and a work package?
7. Give an example of a project you might use for top-down estimating. Give an example of a project you might use for bottom-up estimating. Which approach would you use for projects?  Explain.
8. What are some examples where Human Resources could be involved in scheduling? Do you think it is a good idea for Human Resources to be involved in scheduling?  Why? Why not?
9. Why is it important for costs to be monitored and maintained in a project?
10. Is it realistic to estimate costs in the early stages of the project planning? Why? Why not?
11. List the 5 steps of a simple budget.
12. Do you believe companies should utilize contingency funds? Explain your answer.
13. Work in a group of 3. Design a Work Breakdown Structure to build a bicycle.  First, identify all the major components (3 levels.) Then, build the WBS (pencil/paper or in an excel sheet).
14. Gantt Charts are a reliable and simple recording mechanism to show progress on a project.  Work in a small group. In what type of Human Resources’ projects would you need a Gantt Chart? What would the benefits be to using the Gantt Chart?