9.5 Conclusion

Good delivery is meant to augment your presentation and help convey your information to the audience. Anything that potentially distracts your audience means that fewer people will be informed, persuaded, or entertained by what you have to say. Practising your presentation in an environment that closely resembles the actual situation you will be speaking in will better prepare you for what to do and how to deliver your speech when it really counts.

Reflection Activity

image of a woman with short curly hair and a pencil above her earReturning to Abe’s story, where she felt well-prepared but became nervous in the moment of her presentation, what did you learn in this chapter that might be useful for her (or for yourself) related to last minute nerves? What about Abe’s colleague Chris. He was very unprepared for his presentation. What have you learned in this chapter about preparation?

Something to Think About

Most people struggle with at least one aspect of delivery: voice, posture, eye contact, distracting movement, vocalized pauses, etc. What do you struggle with? Based on this chapter and what you have already experienced in class, what is your biggest takeaway about improving delivery?

Quick Quiz

Additional Resources

Duarte, N. (2011). The secret structure of great talks [Video].


Extemporaneous presentations – carefully planned and rehearsed presentations, delivered in a conversational manner using brief notes.

Impromptu presentation/speaking – the presentation of a short message without advance preparation.

Manuscript presentations – the word-for-word iteration of a written message.

Memorized speaking – the recitation of a written message that the speaker has committed to memory.

Rate – how quickly or slowly you say the words of your speech.

Chapter References

Lucas, S. E. (2015). The art of public speaking (12th edition). McGraw-Hill.


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