References

Researchers who participated in recorded interviews for this book are highlighted in bold. To learn more about them, please visit the ‚ÄúMeet the Researchers‚ÄĚ page.¬†

Ahajumobi, E. N., & Anderson, P. B. (2020). Homeless Canadians’ perspectives on homelessness in Calgary. Journal of Social, Behavioral and Health Sciences, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.5590/JSBHS.2020.14.1.08 

Benmarhnia, T., Alexander, S., Price, K., Smargiassi, A., King, N., & Kaufman, J. S. (2018). The heterogeneity of vulnerability in public health: a heat wave action plan as a case study. Critical Public Health, 28(5), 619‚Äď625. https://doi.org/10.1080/09581596.2017.1322176¬†

Chen, X., Cooper, I., & Rivier, J. (2021). Homelessness prevention and determinants of housing among first-time and recurrent emergency shelter users in Canada. Housing Studies, 1‚Äď17. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2020.1865520¬†

Dej, E., Gaetz, S., & Schwan, K. (2020). Turning off the tap: A typology for homelessness prevention. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 41(5), 397‚Äď412. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-020-00607-y¬†

Dutton, D. J., & Jadidzadeh, A. (2019). The incidence of homelessness in Canada is a population-level phenomenon: A comparison of Toronto and Calgary shelter use over time. Canadian Studies in Population, 46(2), 161‚Äď171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42650-019-00013-8¬†

Echenberg, H., & Munn-Rivard, L. (2020). Defining and enumerating homelessness in Canada: Background paper. Ottawa, ON: Library of Parliament. 

Fisher, A., Mago, V., & Latimer, E. (2020). Simulating the evolution of homeless populations in Canada using modified deep q-learning (MDQL) and modified neural fitted q-iteration (MNFQ) algorithms. IEEE Access, 8, 92954‚Äď92968. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2994519¬†

Gaetz, S., Barr, C., Friesen, A., Harris, B., Hill, C., Kovacs-Burns, K., Pauly, B., Pearce, B., Turner, A., & Marsolais, A. (2012) Canadian definition of homelessness. Toronto: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press. 

Gaetz, S. (2020). Making the prevention of homelessness a priority: The role of social innovation. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 79(2), 353‚Äď381. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajes.12328¬†

Gaetz, S. & Dej, E. (2017). A new direction: A framework for homelessness prevention. Toronto: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press. 

Gaetz, S., Schwan, K., Redman, M., French, D., & Dej, E. (2018). The roadmap for the prevention of youth homelessness Рexecutive summary. A. Buchnea (Ed.). Toronto, ON: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press. 

Jadidzadeh, A., & Kneebone, R. (2018). Patterns and intensity of use of homeless shelters in Toronto. Canadian Public Policy, 44(4), 342‚Äď355. https://doi.org/10.3138/cpp.2018-013¬†

O’Reilly-Fleming, T. (1993). Down and out in Canada: Homeless Canadians. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press. 

Oudshoorn, A., Dej, E., Parsons, C., & Gaetz, S. (2020). Evolving an evidence‚Äźbased model for homelessness prevention. Health & Social Care in the Community, 28(5), 1754‚Äď1763. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13000¬†

Raphael, D. (2016). Social determinants of health: A Canadian perspective, 2nd Edition. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press.

Richard, L., Hwang, S. W., Forchuk, C., Nisenbaum, R., Clemens, K., Wiens, K., ‚Ķ Shariff, S. Z. (2019). Validation study of health administrative data algorithms to identify individuals experiencing homelessness and estimate population prevalence of homelessness in Ontario, Canada. BMJ Open, 9(10), e030221‚Äďe030221. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030221¬†

Rotondi, M. A., O‚ÄôCampo, P., O‚ÄôBrien, K., Firestone, M., Wolfe, S. H., Bourgeois, C., & Smylie, J. K. (2017). Our health counts Toronto: Using respondent-driven sampling to unmask census undercounts of an urban Indigenous population in Toronto, Canada. BMJ Open, 7(12), e018936‚Äďe018936. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018936¬†

Thistle, J. (2017). Indigenous definition of homelessness in Canada. Toronto: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press. 

Trent University Homelessness Research Collective. (2019). ‚ÄúA good day is waking up inside.‚ÄĚ Conversations about homelessness, housing vulnerability, and health care across the City of Kawartha Lakes and Haliburton County. ON: Trent University HRC.¬†¬†

Turner, A., Albanese, T., & Pakeman, K. (2017). Discerning ‚Äúfunctional and absolute zero:‚ÄĚ Defining and measuring an end to homelessness in Canada. The School of Public Policy Publications (SPPP), 10(2), 1‚Äď43. https://doi.org/10.11575/sppp.v10i0.42616¬†

Van den Hoonaard, W. (2018). The vulnerability of vulnerability: Why social science researchers should abandon the doctrine of vulnerability. In the Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research Ethics (pp. 305-321). SAFE Publications Ltd. 

Zhang, P., & Kteily-Hawa, R. (2018). Poetry, prose, and personhood: The art of storytelling with the homeless. Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 30(2), 69-79. 

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Understanding Homelessness in Canada Copyright © 2022 by Kristy Buccieri, James Davy, Cyndi Gilmer, and Nicole Whitmore is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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