Researchers who participated in recorded interviews for this book are highlighted in bold. To learn more about them, please visit the “Meet the Researchers” page. 

Bardwell, G., Boyd, J., Kerr, T., & McNeil, R. (2018). Negotiating space & drug use in emergency shelters with peer witness injection programs within the context of an overdose crisis: A qualitative study. Health & Place, 53, 86–93.

Bodkin, C., Mokashi, V., Beal, K., Wiwcharuk, J., Lennox, R., Guenter, D., … O’Shea, T. (2020). Pandemic planning in homeless shelters: A pilot study of a COVID-19 testing and support program to mitigate the risk of COVID-19 outbreaks in congregate settings. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 72(9), 1639-1641.

Buccieri, K. (2013). Back to the future for Canada’s national anti-drug strategy: Homeless youth and the need for harm reduction. In S. Gaetz, B. O’Grady, K. Buccieri, J. Karabanow, & A. Marsolais (Eds.), Youth homelessness in Canada: Implications for policy and practice (199-215). Toronto, ON: The Canadian Homelessness Research Network. Youth Homelessness in Canada (

Buccieri, K. (2016). H1N1 and homelessness in Toronto: Identifying structural issues in the homelessness sector. In K. Buccieri, & R. Schiff (eds.), Pandemic Preparedness and Homelessness: Lessons from H1N1 in Canada. Toronto, ON: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness.

Buccieri, K. & Schiff, R. (Eds.). (2016). Pandemic preparedness and homelessness: Lessons from H1N1 in Canada. Toronto, ON: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness.

Buccieri, K. (2020). Pandemic planning: How can my agency prepare for the potential spread of Coronavirus? Toronto, ON: The Homeless Hub.

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Cherner, R. A., Aubry, T., & Ecker, J. (2017). Predictors of the physical and psychological integration of homeless adults with problematic substance use. Journal of Community Psychology, 45(1), 65–80.

Crabtree, A., Latham, N., Morgan, R., Pauly, B., Bungay, V., & Buxton, J. A. (2018). Perceived harms and harm reduction strategies among people who drink non-beverage alcohol: Community-based qualitative research in Vancouver, Canada. The International Journal of Drug Policy, 59, 85–93.

Dohoo, C., Stuart, R., Finkelstein, M., Bradley, K., & Gournis, E. (2020). Risk factors associated with group A Streptococcus acquisition in a large, urban homeless shelter outbreak. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 111(1), 117–124.

Firestone, M., Syrette, J., Jourdain, T., Recollet, V., & Smylie, J. (2019). “I feel safe just coming here because there are other Native brothers and sisters”: Findings from a community-based evaluation of the Niiwin Wendaanimak Four Winds Wellness Program. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 110(4), 404–413.

Fleming, T., Barker, A., Ivsins, A., Vakharia, S., & McNeil, R. (2020). Stimulant safe supply: a potential opportunity to respond to the overdose epidemic. Harm Reduction Journal, 17(1), 6–6.

Fleming, T., Damon, W., Collins, A. B., Czechaczek, S., Boyd, J., & McNeil, R. (2019). Housing in crisis: A qualitative study of the socio-legal contexts of residential evictions in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. The International Journal of Drug Policy, 71, 169–177.

Gaddis, A., Lake, S., Tupper, K., Nosova, E., Blommaert, K., Wood, E., & DeBeck, K. (2018). Regular MDMA use is associated with decreased risk of drug injection among street-involved youth who use illicit drugs. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 192, 112–117.

Gaetz, S. (2018). Commentary: Harm reduction, managed alcohol programs and doing the right thing. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37(S1), S195–S196.

Gaetz, S., & Buccieri, K. (2016). The challenges of pandemic planning in the context of homelessness. In K. Buccieri, & R. Schiff (eds.), Pandemic Preparedness and Homelessness: Lessons from H1N1 in Canada. Toronto, ON: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness.

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Ivsins, A., Pauly, B., Brown, M., Evans, J., Gray, E., Schiff, R., … Stockwell, T. (2019). On the outside looking in: Finding a place for managed alcohol programs in the harm reduction movement. The International Journal of Drug Policy, 67, 58–62.

Karamouzian, M., Dohoo, C., Forsting, S., McNeil, R., Kerr, T., & Lysyshyn, M. (2018). Evaluation of a fentanyl drug checking service for clients of a supervised injection facility, Vancouver, Canada. Harm Reduction Journal, 15(1), 46–46.

Kennedy, M. C., Klassen, D. C., Dong, H., Milloy, M. J. S., Hayashi, K., & Kerr, T. H. (2019). Supervised injection facility utilization patterns: A prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 57(3), 330–337.

Kennedy, M. C., Scheim, A., Rachlis, B., Mitra, S., Bardwell, G., Rourke, S., & Kerr, T. (2018). Willingness to use drug checking within future supervised injection services among people who inject drugs in a mid-sized Canadian city. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 185, 248–252.

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Kerr, T., Mitra, S., Kennedy, M. C., & McNeil, R. (2017). Supervised injection facilities in Canada: past, present, and future. Harm reduction journal, 14(1), 28.

Kiran, T., Craig-Neil, A., Das, P., Lockwood, J., Wang, R., Nathanielsz, N., … Hwang, S. W. (2021). Factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 positivity in 20 homeless shelters in Toronto, Canada, from April to July 2020: a repeated cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open, 9(1), E302–E308.

Kitson, C., & O’Byrne, P. (2020). The experience of violence against women who use injection drugs: An exploratory qualitative study. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 53(4), 340-352.

Klimas, J., Nosova, E., Socías, E., Nolan, S., Brar, R., Hayashi, K., … Wood, E. (2018). Factors associated with discontinuation of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) among persons who use alcohol in Vancouver, Canada. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 186, 182–186.

Lake, S., Kerr, T., Nosova, E., Milloy, M. J., Wood, E., & DeBeck, K. (2018). Patterns of non-injection drug use associated with injection cessation among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. Journal of Urban Health, 95(2), 267–277.

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Maremmani, A. G., Bacciardi, S., Gehring, N. D., Cambioli, L., Schütz, C., Jang, K., & Krausz, M. (2017). Substance use among homeless individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 205(3), 173–177.

McNeil, R., Fleming, T., Collins, A. B., Czechaczek, S., Mayer, S., & Boyd, J. (2021). Navigating post-eviction drug use amidst a changing drug supply: A spatially-oriented qualitative study of overlapping housing and overdose crises in Vancouver, Canada. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 222.

Meyer, J. P., Isaacs, K., El-Shahawy, O., Burlew, A. K., & Wechsberg, W. (2019). Research on women with substance use disorders: Reviewing progress and developing a research and implementation roadmap. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 197, 158–163.

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Nasmith, T. E., Gadermann, A., Jaworsky, D., Norena, M., To, M. J., Hwang, S. W., & Palepu, A. (2020). Clinically significant substance use and residential stability among homeless or vulnerably housed persons in Canada: a longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Public Health, 43(3), 532-540.

O’Shea, T., Mbuagbaw, L., Mokashi, V., Bulir, D., Gilchrist, J., Smieja, N., … Smieja, M. (2020). Comparison of four COVID-19 screening strategies to facilitate early case identification within the homeless shelter population: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 21(1), 941–941.

Pakhale, S., Kaur, T., Charron, C., Florence, K., Rose, T., Jama, S., … Tyndall, M. (2018). Management and point-of-care for tobacco dependence (PROMPT): A feasibility mixed methods community-based participatory action research project in Ottawa, Canada. BMJ Open, 8(1), e018416–e018416.

Parpouchi, M., Moniruzzaman, A., Rezansoff, S. N., Russolillo, A., & Somers, J. M. (2018). The effect of housing first on adherence to methadone maintenance treatment. The International Journal of Drug Policy, 56, 73–80.

Pauly, B., Brown, M., Chow, C., Wettlaufer, A., East Side Illicit Drinkers Group for Education, … & Sutherland, C. (2021). “If I knew I could get that every hour instead of alcohol, I would take the cannabis”: Need and feasibility of cannabis substitution implementation in Canadian managed alcohol programs. Harm Reduction Journal, 18, 65.

Pauly, B., Brown, M., Evans, J., Gray, E., Schiff, R., Ivsins, A., Krysowaty, B., Vallance, K., & Stockwell, T. (2019). “There is a Place”: Impacts of managed alcohol programs for people experiencing severe alcohol dependence and homelessness. Harm Reduction Journal, 16(1), 70–70.

Pauly, B., Perkin, K., & Cross, G. (2016). The case of Victoria, BC. In K. Buccieri, & R. Schiff (eds.), Pandemic Preparedness and Homelessness: Lessons from H1N1 in Canada. Toronto, ON: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness.

Pauly, B., Vallance, K., Wettlaufer, A., Chow, C., Brown, R., Evans, J., … Stockwell, T. (2018). Community managed alcohol programs in Canada: Overview of key dimensions and implementation. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37(S1), S132–S139.

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Schiff, R., Buccieri, K., Waegemakers Schiff, J, Kauppi, C., & Riva, M. (2020). COVID-19 and pandemic planning in the context of rural and remote homelessness. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 111(6), 967–970.

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Understanding Homelessness in Canada Copyright © 2022 by Kristy Buccieri, James Davy, Cyndi Gilmer, and Nicole Whitmore is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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