Researchers who participated in recorded interviews for this book are highlighted in bold. To learn more about them, please visit the ‚ÄúMeet the Researchers‚ÄĚ page.¬†

Aubry, T. (2020). Analysis of housing first as a practical and policy relevant intervention: The current state of knowledge and future directions for research. European Journal of Homelessness, 14(1), 13-26.

Biss, M., & Raza, S. (2021). Implementing the right to housing in Canada: Expanding the national housing strategy. Canada: The National Right to Housing Network.

Centre for Equality Rights in Accommodation and The National Right to Housing Network. (2021). The rights to life, protection of the home & nondiscrimination in Canada: Assessing the housing & homelessness crisis in accordance with Articles 2, 6, 17 & 26 of the ICCPR. Canada: CERA & NRHN. ICCPRSubmission-NRHN-CERA-2021.pdf (

Chung, T. E., Gozdzik, A., Palma Lazgare, L. I., To, M. J., Aubry, T., Frankish, J., Hwang, S. W., & Stergiopoulos, V. (2018). Housing First for older homeless adults with mental illness: a subgroup analysis of the At Home/Chez Soi randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 33(1), 85‚Äď95.

Dej, E., Gaetz, S., & Schwan, K. (2020). Turning off the tap: A typology for homelessness prevention. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 41(5), 397‚Äď412.

Distasio, J., Zell, S., & Snyder, M. (2018). At home in Winnipeg: Localizing housing first as a culturally responsive approach to understanding and addressing urban Indigenous homelessness. Winnipeg: Institute of Urban Studies. At Home in Winnipeg

Forchuk, C., Richardson, J., Atyeo, H., & Serrato, J. (2021). Qualitative findings from a housing first evaluation project for homeless veterans in Canada. Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health. Advance Access Article.

Gaetz, S. (2020). Making the prevention of homelessness a priority: The role of social innovation. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 79(2), 353‚Äď381.

Gaetz, S., Barr, C., Friesen, A., Harris, B., Hill, C., Kovacs-Burns, K., Pauly, B., Pearce, B., Turner, A., & Marsolais, A. (2012) Canadian definition of homelessness. Toronto: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press. COHhomelessdefinition.pdf (

Gaetz, S. & Dej, E. (2017). A new direction: A framework for homelessness prevention. Toronto: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press.

Gaetz, S., Walter, H. & Story, C. (2021). THIS is Housing First for youth. Part 1 ‚Äď program model guide. Toronto, ON: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness Press.

Government of Canada. (2017). A place to call home: Canada’s national housing strategy. Government of Canada, Ottawa. Canada’s National Housing Strategy (

Government of Canada. (2018). Reaching home: Canada’s homelessness strategy directives. Government of Canada, Ottawa. Reaching Home: Canada’s Homelessness Strategy Directives Р

Government of Canada. (2019). National housing strategy act. Government of Canada, Ottawa. National Housing Strategy Act (

Oudshoorn, A., Forchuk, C., Hall, J., Smith-Carrier, T., & Van Berkum, A. (2018). An evaluation of a Housing First program for chronically homeless women. Journal of Social Inclusion, 9(2), 34‚Äď.

Porter, B. (2021). Implementing the right to adequate housing under the national housing strategy act: The international human rights framework. Canada: The National Right to Housing Network. NRHN OFHA Report Cover 2021 (

Schwan, K., Vaccaro, M. E., Reid, L., & Ali, N. (2021). Implementation of the right to housing for women, girls, and gender diverse people in Canada. Canada: The National Right to Housing Network.  Microsoft Word РEN_CHRC_13.docx (


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Understanding Homelessness in Canada Copyright © 2022 by Kristy Buccieri, James Davy, Cyndi Gilmer, and Nicole Whitmore is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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