# Chapter 5.2: Factoring by Grouping

First thing to do when factoring is to factor out the GCF. This GCF is often a monomial, like in the problem where the GCF is the monomial , so you would have . However, a GCF does not have to be a monomial; it could be a binomial. Consider the following two examples.

Example 1

Find and factor out the GCF for .

By observation, one can see that both have in common.

This means that .

Example 2

Find and factor out the GCF for .

Both have as a common factor.

This means that if you factor out , you are left with .

The factored polynomial is written as .

In the same way as factoring out a GCF from a binomial, there is a process known as grouping to factor out common binomials from a polynomial containing four terms.

Find and factor out the GCF for .

To do this, first split the polynomial into two binomials.

becomes and .

Now find the common factor from each binomial.

has a common factor of and becomes .

has a common factor of 2 and becomes .

This means that .

can be factored as .

# Questions

Factor the following polynomials.

**Answers to odd questions**

1.

3.

5.

7.

9.

11.

13.

15.

17.

19.