Glossary
 accrued interest

Any interest amount that has been calculated but not yet placed (charged or earned) into an account.
 annuity

A continuous stream of equal periodic payments from one party to another for a specified period of time to fulfill a financial obligation.
 annuity due

Annuity payments that are each made at the beginning of a payment interval.
 annuity payment

The dollar amount of the equal periodic payment in an annuity environment.
 commercial paper

A shortterm financial instrument with maturity no longer than one year that is issued by large corporations.
 compound interest

A system for calculating interest that primarily applies to longterm financial transactions with a time frame of one year or more; interest is periodically converted to principal throughout a transaction, with the result that the interest itself also accumulates interest.
 Compound interest GIC

A GIC that uses compound interest rates for which interest is periodically calculated and converted to the principal of the GIC for further compounding.
 Compound interest savings bonds

Called Cbonds, these bonds annually convert the interest on the savings bond to principal.
 Compounding period

The amount of time that elapses between the dates of successive conversions of interest to principal.
 current balance

The balance in an account plus any accrued interest.
 discount rate

An interest rate used to remove interest from a future value.
 effective interest rate

The true annually compounded interest rate that is equivalent to an interest rate compounded at some other (nonannual) frequency.
 equivalent interest rates

Interest rates with different compounding that produce the same effective rate and therefore are equal to each other.
 equivalent payment streams

Equating two or more alternative financial streams such that neither party receives financial gain or harm by choosing either stream.
 equivalent payments

Two payments that have the same value on the same day factoring in a fair interest rate.
 Escalator interest GIC

A GIC that uses compound interest rates that usually remain constant during each of a series of time intervals, always rising stepwise throughout the term of the investment with any accrued interest being converted to principal.
 face value of a Tbill

The maturity value of a Tbill, which is payable at the end of the term. It includes both the principal and interest together.
 fixed interest rate

An interest rate that is unchanged for the duration of the transaction.
 focal date

A point in time to which all monies involved in all payment streams will be moved using time value of money calculations.
 fundamental concept of equivalency

Two or more payment streams are equal to each other if they have the same economic value on the same focal date.
 future value

The amount of principal with interest at a future point of time for a financial transaction. If this future point is the same as the end date of the financial transaction, it is also called the maturity value.
 general annuities

An annuity in which the payment interval does not equal the compounding interval (P/Y does not equal C/Y).
 guaranteed investment certificate (GIC)

An investment that offers a guaranteed rate of interest over a fixed period of time.
 interest amount

The dollar amount of interest that is paid or earned.
 Interest payout GIC

A GIC where the interest is periodically paid out to the investor, but it is never added to the principal of the GIC. Because the interest does not actually compound, in essence the concepts of simple interest are used.
 interest rate

The rate of interest that is charged or earned during a specified time period.
 maturity date

The date upon which a transaction, such as a promissory note, comes to an end and needs to be repaid.
 maturity value

The amount of money at the end of a transaction, which includes both the interest and the principal together.
 nominal interest rate

A nominal number for the annual interest rate, which is commonly followed by words that state the compounding frequency.
 ordinary general annuities

An annuity in which the payment interval does not equal the compounding interval, and payments are made at the end of the term.
 ordinary simple annuities

An annuity in which the payment interval equals the compounding interval, and payments are made at the term.
 periodic interest rate

The percentage of interest earned or charged at the end of each compounding period.
 present value

The amount of money at the beginning of a time period in a transaction. If this is in fact the amount at the start of the financial transaction, it is also called the principal. Or it can simply be the amount at some time earlier before the future value was known. In any case, the amount excludes the interest.
 present value principal for loans

The present value of all payments on a loan is equal to the principal that was borrowed.
 principal

The original amount of money that is borrowed or invested in a financial transaction.
 promissory note

A promissory note is a written promise by one party to pay an amount of money to another party on a specific date, or on demand.
 repayment schedule

A table that details the financial transactions in an account, including the balance, interest amounts, and payments.
 savings account

A deposit account that bears interest and has no stated maturity date.
 simple annuities

An annuity in which the payment interval equals the compounding interval (P/Y equals to C/Y).
 simple interest

A system for calculating interest that primarily applies to shortterm financial transactions with a time frame of less than one year.
 Strip bond

A marketable bond that has been stripped of all interest payments.
 time period

The length of the financial transaction for which interest is charged or earned. It may also be called the term.
 treasury bills

Shortterm financial instruments with maturities no longer than one year that are issued by both federal and provincial governments.
 variable interest rate

An interest rate that is open to fluctuations over the duration of a transaction.
 yield

The percentage increase between the sale price and redemption price on an investment such as a Tbill or commercial paper.