3.7 References & Media Attributions


Anderson, D. & De Souza, J. (January 12, 2021). The importance and meaning of prayer rituals at the end of life. British Journal of Nursing, 30(1), 34-39. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2021.30.1.34

Australian Museum. (March 4, 2021). Death: The last taboo. https://australian.museum/about/history/exhibitions/death-the-last-taboo/

Bowman, K. (2000). Culture. Ian Anderson Continuing Education Program in End-of-Life Care Module 8. University of Toronto. http://www.cpd.utoronto.ca/endoflife/Culture.pdf

Casswell, G. (November 28, 2018). Why we need end-of-life rituals.TheConversation.com. https://theconversation.com/why-we-need-end-of-life-rituals-107249

Cohen, M. (2002). Chapter 7 Death ritual: Anthropological perspectives. In P. Pecorino (Ed.). Perspectives on Death and Dying. Queensborough Community College, CUNY. https://www.qcc.cuny.edu/SocialSciences/ppecorino/DeathandDying_TEXT/Default.htm

Cook, C. & Solomon, S. (June 18, 2015). For believers, fear of atheists is fueled by fear of death.TheConversation..com https://theconversation.com/for-believers-fear-of-atheists-is-fueled-by-fear-of-death-41724

Culture. (n.d.). Texas A&M.  http://people.tamu.edu/~i-choudhury/culture.html

Dicken, E. (June 17, 2021). Paid for their tears: The peculiar profession of professional mourners. Messy Nessy. https://www.messynessychic.com/2021/06/17/paid-for-their-tears-the-peculiar-profession-of-professional-mourners/

Edara, I. (November 2017) Religion: A subset of culture and an expression of spirituality. Advances in Anthropology7, 273-288. doi: 10.4236/aa.2017.74015

FuneralWise. (n.d.-a). Buddhist funeral service ritualshttps://www.funeralwise.com/customs/buddhist/ 

FuneralWise. (n.d.-b). Christian funeral service ritualshttps://www.funeralwise.com/customs/christian_overview/

FuneralWise. (n.d.-c). Hindu funeral customs and rituals. https://www.funeralwise.com/customs/hindu/ 

FuneralWise. (n.d.-d). Islamic funeral customs and service ritualshttps://www.funeralwise.com/customs/islam

FuneralWise. (n.d.-e). Jewish funeral service ritualshttps://www.funeralwise.com/customs/jewish/

FuneralWise. (n.d.-f). Sikh funeral service ritualshttps://www.funeralwise.com/customs/sikh/ 

FuneralWise. (n.d.-g). Wiccan funeral service ritualshttps://www.funeralwise.com/customs/wiccan/

Gamliel, T. (2014a). Tears and ideas: Therapeutic aspects of “traditional” wailing performance. Journal of Ritual Studies28(1), 45-63. http://www.jstor.org/stable/44368886

Gamliel, T. (2014b). Aesthetics of sorrow: The wailing culture of Yemenite Jewish women. Wayne State University Press. https://www.wsupress.wayne.edu/books/detail/aesthetics-sorrow

Gire, J. (2014). How death imitates life: Cultural influences on conceptions of death and dying. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.9707/2307-0919.1120

Graham, R. (May 29, 2021). ‘You are going to die’: Nun finds comfort in knowing end is near. Arkansas Democrat Gazette. https://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2021/may/29/you-are-doing-to-die-nun-finds-comfort-in-knowing/

History.com Editors. (October 30, 2018). Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos). History. https://www.history.com/topics/halloween/day-of-the-dead

History.com Editors. (September 30, 2019). Egyptian pyramids. History. https://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/the-egyptian-pyramids

Irwin, M. (March 4, 2015). Mourning 2.0-Continuing bonds between the living & the dead on Facebook. Omega – Journal of Death & Dying72(2), 119-150. https://doi.org/10.1177/0030222815574830

Keyl, T. J. (1992). Musicians as mourners. In Journal of the Liturgical Conference (Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 63-68). Taylor & Francis Group.

Maori Funeral Rituals. (n.d.). Mu celebrant guide. https://mycelebrantguide.co.nz/article/1852/m%C4%81ori-funeral-rituals#:~:text=M%C4%81ori%20funerals%20take%20place%20over,important%20part%20of%20M%C4%81ori%20identity.

May, T. (n.d.). Professional mourners today and in history. Love to Know. https://dying.lovetoknow.com/examples-tributes-given-at-funerals/professional-mourners-today-history

McGarry, M. (August 19, 2021). The evolution of the Irish funeral ritual. RTE Brainstorm. https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2020/0415/1130559-ireland-funerals-wakes-death-rituals-coronavirus/

McLaughlin, M. (March 18, 2018). Keening – A mourning ritual for our time? Histories of Emotion: From medieval Europe to contemporary Australia. https://historiesofemotion.com/2018/03/18/keening-a-mourning-ritual-for-our-time/

McLaughlin, M. (2019). Keening the dead: Ancient history or a ritual for today. Religions10(4), 235. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040235

Mendoza, M. (February 15, 2018). Professional mourners: An ancient tradition. Psychology Todayhttps://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/understanding-grief/201802/professional-mourners-ancient-tradition

Mitima-Verloop, H., Mooren, T. & Boelen, P. (2021). Facilitating grief – An exploration of the function of funerals and rituals in relation to grief reactions. Death Studies45(9), 735-745. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2019.1686090

Natan-Yulzary, S. (2021). The role of Thitmanit as a mourner in the Kirta Epic. Ve-’Ed Ya ‘aleh (Gen 2: 6), Volume 1: Essays in Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies Presented to Edward L. Greenstein5, 99. https://www.sbl-site.org/assets/pdfs/pubs/064706P-front.pdf

National Funeral Directors Association (NFDA). (n.d.). Religious funeral customs. https://nfda.org/religious-funeral-customs  

O’Rourke, T., Spitzberg, B. & Hannawa, A. (September 1, 2011). The good funeral toward an understanding of funeral participation and satisfaction. Death Studies, 35(8), 729-750. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2011.553309

Palgi, P. & Abramovitch, H. (1984). Death: A cross-cultural perspective. Annual Review of Anthropology12, 385-417. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2155675

PBS. (1997). Pyramids. Nova Online Adventure. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/explore/age2.html

PBS. (October 31, 2019). Beyond sugar skulls: The history and culture of Día de los Muertoshttps://www.pbs.org/education/blog/beyond-sugar-skulls-the-history-and-culture-of-dia-de-los-muertos

Rites of passage. (n.d.). Sociology guide. https://www.sociologyguide.com/anthropology/rites-of-passage.php

Religious funeral customs. (n.d.). National Funeral Directors Association. https://nfda.org/religious-funeral-customs

Sautter, C. (2017). Women, dance, death and lament in medieval Spain and the Mediterranean: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim examples. In Joëlle Rollo-Koster (Ed.), Death in medieval Europe: Death scripted and death choreographed (pp. 93-113). Routledge. https://www.worldcat.org/title/death-in-medieval-europe-death-scripted-and-death-choreographed/oclc/959698281

Shimazono, S., & Kitts, M. (2013). Rituals of death and remembrance. The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violencehttps://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199759996.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199759996-e-23

Social norms. (n.d.). Sociology guide. https://www.sociologyguide.com/basic-concepts/Social-Norms.php

Social practices, rituals and festive events. (n.d.). UNESCO.  https://ich.unesco.org/en/social-practices-rituals-and-00055

University of Minnesota (UofM). (2010). Introduction to sociology: Understanding and changing the social world. PressBooks. https://doi.org/10.24926/8668.2401

Weiss, A. (November 2, 2010). Why Mexicans celebrate the Day of the Dead. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2010/nov/02/mexican-celebrate-day-of-dead

Wojcik, D. & Dobler, R. (November 1, 2017). What ancient cultures teach us about grief, mourning and continuity of life. TheConversation.comhttps://theconversation.com/what-ancient-cultures-teach-us-about-grief-mourning-and-continuity-of-life-86199

Media Attributions

4144132.(April 11, 2017). Buddhism Monk Temple [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/buddhism-monk-temple-panorama-2214532/

Best, O. (August 24, 2009). Professional mourners of Sardinia, from “women of the world” [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/kJUQxelrZX4

Cottonbro. (September 2020). A person covering the lighted candle he is holding [Photograph]. Pexels. https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-person-covering-the-lighted-candle-he-is-holding-5435272/

Couleur. (May 17, 2018). Berlin Cathedral sculpture [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/berlin-cathedral-sculpture-3408348/

DailyMail. (November 28, 2018). Teenager breaks down in tears during memorial Maori Haka [Video]. Daily Mail. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/video/news/video-1813446/Teenager-breaks-tears-memorial-Maori-Haka.html

Danilyuk, P. (March 2021). A woman sitting on the chair [Photograph]. Pexels. https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-woman-sitting-on-the-chair-7317697/

darvinsantos. (n.d.). Halloween Day of the Dead [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/halloween-day-of-the-dead-you-cheer-683170/

Geriatrics ACE Flix. (September 28, 2017). Death & dying: Cultural and religious perspectives [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gR8zPWCGHEs

Hurk. (September 23, 2014). Star of David symbol [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/star-of-david-star-symbol-458372/

Indigenous Voices: Honouring our loss and grief. (n.d.). Canadian Virtual Hospice.  https://vimeo.com/141868139?embedded=true&source=vimeo_logo&owner=10868544

Jarvis, D. (October 2007). India-5362-Manikarnika cremation ghat [Photograph]. Flickr. https://flic.kr/p/4nFuZk

Mcall, R. (January 16, 2018). Amritsar Golden Temple [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/amritsar-golden-temple-sikh-3083693/

Peter, J. (January 29, 2015). Mosque in Abu Dhabi [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/mosque-abu-dhabi-to-travel-white-615415/

StockSnap. (August 1, 2017). Eqypt desert animals [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/egypt-desert-animals-camels-sand-2569182/

Venturi, D. (December 2012). India-Varanasi-crematory ghat [Photograph]. Flickr. https://tinyurl.com/2p8whf7s

Cover Photo: Esunanimalquecavagalerias. (January 2018). Farewell Serenade [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Farewell_Serenade.jpg


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On Death and Dying Copyright © 2022 by Jacqueline Lewis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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