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Cleaning refers to the physical removal and reduction of foreign (e.g., dust, soil, grease, oils) and organic (e.g., blood, body secretion, microorganisms) materials from a surface through the use of mechanical action, water, and detergents (PIDAC, 2018).
Disinfecting refers to the process of deactivating and killing most microorganisms through the use of disinfectants (PIDAC, 2018).
Products that contain disinfectants must include a drug identification number or DIN, which is regulated by Health Canada (PIDAC, 2018).
High-touch areas are surfaces that are frequently touched by healthcare providers and clients. It is essential to frequently clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces to prevent transmission of microorganisms.
When cleaning remove visible soil before disinfecting, clean from high to low points and from dirty to dirtiest, and change wipes when they begin to dry out.