The collective connections between all the ‘nodes’ in a network that result in new forms of knowledge (Bates, 2019).

Creative Commons licensing

A copyright license that allows for free distribution of the work. Different types of Creative Commons licensing indicate whether the work can be freely distributed, modified, or used commercially, and what attributions are required for redistribution of the original or adapted work.

digital artifacts

Digital artifact can be of any content types including text, audio, video, image, animation or a combination.


Open Educational Resources. Teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.

Open Educational Practices (OEP)

A.k.a open pedagogy, OEP is the use of open educational resources (OER) to support learning, or the open sharing of teaching practices with a goal of improving education and training at the institutional, professional, and individual level.

Renewable assignments

An assignment or activity in which students are invited to openly license and publicly share the artifact that is created, which has value beyond the students' own learning.

Student-centred learning

Is also known as learner-centered education, broadly encompasses methods of teaching that shift the focus of instruction from the teacher to the student.


Universal Design for Learning. A framework that has been developed through evidence-based research to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people based on scientific insights into how humans learn (CAST, 2018)


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Extending Into the Open Copyright © 2022 by Paula Demacio; Alissa Bigelow; Tricia Bonner; and Shauna Roch is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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