Example Participatory Methods to Support KCP

There are a wide range of participatory methods available to support effective data collection. A few examples include:

  • Participatory maps and mapping: to show the location and types of changes in the area being monitored.
  • Venn diagrams: to show changes in relationships between groups, institutions, and individuals.
  • Flow diagrams: to show direct and indirect impacts of changes, and to relate them to causes.
  • Diaries: to describe changes in the lives of individuals or groups.
  • Photographs: to depict changes through a sequence of images.
  • Matrix scoring: to compare people’s preferences for a set of options or outcomes.
  • Network diagrams: to show changes in the type and degree of contact between people and services

Supplementary readings

For an overview of diverse methods and examples, check out the open access book:

The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods for Social-Ecological Systems



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Building Sustainable Communities: Information Gathering and Sharing Copyright © 2022 by Ryan Plummer; Amanda Smits; Samantha Witkowski; Bridget McGlynn; Derek Armitage; Ella-Kari Muhl; and Jodi Johnston is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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