13 Work and Economic Migrations

How have migrants experienced work and the labour market in Canada? How have they been perceived and treated as workers?

Donald Avery, Reluctant Host: Canada’s Response to Immigrant Workers, 1896-1994 (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1995).

Nandita Sharma, Home Economics: Nationalism and the Making of ‘Migrant Workers’ in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006). Chapter Four: Canadian Parliamentary Discourse and the Making of ‘Migrant Workers’.

Marilyn Barber, Immigrant Domestic Servants in Canada (Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association, 1991).


Marilyn Barber, Les domestiques immigrantes au Canada (Ottawa : Société historique du Canada, 1991).

Robert Harney, “Montreal’s King of Italian Labour: A Case Study of Padronism.” Labour / Le Travail 4 (1979): 57-84.

Carmela Patrias, “More Menial than Housemaids? Racialized and Gendered Labour in the Fruit and Vegetable Industry of Canada’s Niagara Region, 1880–1945.” Labour / Le Travail 78 (2016): 69-104.

Sean Mills, A Place in the Sun: Haiti, Haitians, and the Remaking of Quebec (Montreal-Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2016), ch. 6 “The location of knowledge”, p. 166-93.


Sean Mills, Une place au soleil : Haïti, les Haïtiens, et le Québec (Montréal : Mémoire d’encrier, 2016), ch 6 «La place de la connaissance », p. 237-81

Glenda Tibe Bonifacio, “I Care for You, Who Cares for Me? Transitional Services for Filipino Live-in Caregivers in Canada,” in Marlene Epp and Franca Iacovetta, Sisters or Strangers: Immigrant, Ethnic, and Racialized Women in Canadian History (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2nd Edition, 2017), 252-70.

Daiva Stasiulis and Abigail Bakan, ““Underdevelopment, Structural Adjustment and Gendered Migration from the West Indies and the Philippines” (Chapter 3)” in Negotiating Citizenship: Migrant Women in Canada and the Global System (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).

Danièle Bélanger and Guillermo Candiz, “Essentiels, fiables et invisibles : Les travailleurs agricoles migrants latino-américains au Québec vus par la population locale.” Canadian Ethnic Studies 46, no. 1 (2014): 45-66.


Kwentong Bayan Collective and Ethel Tungohan, Remember / Resist / Redraw #03: Caregiving Work in Canada (Graphic History Collective, 2017).

“City Builders: a History of Immigrant Construction Workers in Postwar Toronto”: https://toronto-city-builders.org/

TXTilecity: http://txtilecity.ca/index.php


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Canadian Immigration History Syllabus Copyright © 2019 by Laura Madokoro; Daniel Ross; Franca Iacovetta; Marlene Epp; Lisa Chilton; Gilberto Fernandes; Jordan Stanger-Ross; Michael Akladios; Paul-Étienne Rainville; and Sylvie Taschereau is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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