5 Multiculturalism, Pluralism, and Nation-Building

How has ethnic diversity been managed by civil society and the state in the past? What are interculturalism and multiculturalism, and how are they connected to nationalist projects in Canada?

Ninette Kelley and Michael Trebelcock, The Making of the Mosaic: A History of Canadian Immigration Policy (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010), ch. 9, 352-380.

Kevin Woodger, “Whiteness and Ambiguous Canadianization: The Boy Scouts Association and the Canadian Cadet Organization,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, 28.1 (2017): 95-126. This article focuses mostly on the interwar period but will be helpful in understanding the origins of postwar multiculturalism.

Patricia Roy. The Triumph of Citizenship: The Chinese and Japanese in Canada, 1941-1967 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2014).

Robert Harney, “‘So Great a Heritage as Ours’.” Immigration and the Survival of the Canadian Polity.” Daedalus (Fall 1988): 51-97.

Gérard Bouchard, “Qu’est ce que l’interculturalisme ? / What is Interculturalism?”. McGill Law Journal 56, no 2 (February 2011) : 395–468.

Wenona Giles, Portuguese Women in Toronto. Gender, Immigration and Nationalism (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002), Conclusion (112-130).

Paul Eid, Being Arab: Ethnic and Religious Identity Building among Second Generation Youth in Montreal (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2007) – Chapter 3 (47-61) and chapter 7 (151-178).

Stephen Fielding “Ethnicity as an Exercise in Sport: European Immigrants, Soccer Fandom, and the Making of Canadian Multiculturalism, 1945–1979,” The International Journal of the History of Sport 34, 10 (2017), 970-991.


Vijay Agnew, Where I Come From (Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2003) (Intro, chapters 1-3).

Barry Greenwald, Who Gets In, NFB, 1989, 52 min.

Tahani Rached, Haïti (Québec) NFB, 1985, 59 min


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Canadian Immigration History Syllabus Copyright © 2019 by Laura Madokoro; Daniel Ross; Franca Iacovetta; Marlene Epp; Lisa Chilton; Gilberto Fernandes; Jordan Stanger-Ross; Michael Akladios; Paul-Étienne Rainville; and Sylvie Taschereau is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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