7 Deportation and Internment

How did race, class, and gender affect deportation and interment policies during the Interwar and Second World War periods? How did people targeted by these policies respond?

Dennis Molinaro, Deportation from Canada (Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association, 2018).


Barbara Roberts, “Chapter 8: Shovelling out the Redundant,” in Whence They Came: Deportation from Canada, 1900-1935 (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1988).

Dennis Molinaro, La pratique des expulsions au Canada (Ottawa: Société historique du Canada, 2018).


Steven Schwinghamer, « La déportation du Canada au cours de la Grande Dépression », Quai21.

Rhonda Hinther, “”Sincerest revolutionary greetings”: men and the interwar Ukrainian Left” in Perogies and Politics: Canada’s Ukrainian Left, 1891-1991 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018).

Carmela Patrias, “Race, Employment Discrimination, and State Complicity in Wartime Canada, 1939-1945.” Labour no. 59 (Spring, 2007): 9-42

Eric Adams, Jordan Stanger-Ross, and the Landscapes of Injustice Research Collective, “Promises of Law: The Unlawful Dispossession of Japanese Canadians,” Osgoode Hall Law Journal 54, 3 (2017), 687-740.

Jordan Stanger-Ross and Nicholas Blomley, “‘My Land is worth a million dollars’: How Japanese Canadians contested their dispossession in the 1940s,” Law and History Review 35, 3 (2017), 711-751.

Greg Robinson, Un drame de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale. Le sort de la minorité japonaise aux États-Unis et au Canada (Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2012).

Irving Abella and Harold Troper, None is Too Many: Canada and the Jews of Europe, 1933-1948 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012).


Irving Abella and Harold Troper, “The Line Must Be Drawn Somewhere: Canada and Jewish Refugees, 1933-1939,” Canadian Historical Review 60:2 (1979): 178-209.

David Zimmerman, “‘Narrow Minded People’: Canadian Academics and the Academic Refugee Crises, 1933-41,” Canadian Historical Review 88, 2 (June 2007), 291-316.

Ivana Caccia, Managing the Canadian Mosaic in Wartime: Shaping Citizenship Policy, 1939-1945 (McGill-Queen’s, 2010), “Setting Up the Committee on Cooperation in Canadian Citizenship.”


Orion Keresztesi and Kassandra Luciuk, Remember/Resist/Redraw 17: Canada’s Internment of Ukrainians (Graphic History Collective, 2018).

“‘Enemy Aliens’ The Internment of Jewish Refugees in Canada, 1940-43.” Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre. Virtual Museum of Canada.

Landscapes of Injustice, Primary Source Cache: Records of the Forced Uprooting, Internment, Dispossession, and Exile of Japanese Canadians, 2019.

Enemy Aliens“, NFB, Jeannette Lerman, 1975, 26 min.

Italian Canadians as Enemy Aliens: Memories of World War II,” Columbus Centre/Villa Charities.


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Canadian Immigration History Syllabus Copyright © 2019 by Laura Madokoro; Daniel Ross; Franca Iacovetta; Marlene Epp; Lisa Chilton; Gilberto Fernandes; Jordan Stanger-Ross; Michael Akladios; Paul-Étienne Rainville; and Sylvie Taschereau is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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