8.8 – Two Types of Citation

Learning Objective

After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Create and format reference list citations in APA style.

In APA Style, there are two parts to every citation: an in-text citation and a reference list citation.

Reference list citations are longer citations that provide enough information needed to describe and find your source again, physically or online.


Example of a reference list page for a paper
The reference list page shows four reference examples from the previous source type section in alphabetical order.

In-text citations are the shortened form of a reference list citation where a source is credited in your paper. It has enough information to locate its matching reference citation.


Image of two in-text citation examples for narrative and parenthetical in-text citations.
The narrative example reads “Smith and Gould (2009) recognized that eating cake is fun. The parenthetical example reads “Eating cake is fun (Smith & Gould, 2009).”

We will discuss both of these separately first and then together later. First, we will discuss reference list citations.

Attribution & References


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8.8 - Two Types of Citation Copyright © 2022 by Jen Booth, Emily Cramer & Amanda Quibell, Georgian College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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