Respectful engagement with diverse stakeholders and rightsholders is multi-dimensional and includes a need to:
- Understand the meaning of ‘duty to consult’
- Consider inherent biases
- Reflect on the importance of identity and positionality
Inherent bias are assumptions that skew viewpoints of a subject. Inherent biases are often unconscious and operate outside of our awareness, affect our behavior, and they can be in direct contradiction our espoused beliefs and values. Bias emerges from and is related to our own identity and positionality and how we engage with the world; it is important to consider identity and positionality when engaging with rights holders and stakeholders as it influences who benefits and why?
- Bias in clinical assessments, compromising health goals of patients (e.g., different pain levels along perceived genders)
- Bias in who is overseeing development projects and its purpose
- Bias from economic incentives a person/group may receive for completing a project
Identity & Positionality
Identity refers to how people perceive themselves as and the behaviours, values, norms and subsequent actions people take in a given decision-making context.
Positionality refers to how people perceive their identity (values, behaviours, norms and actions) in relation to other people in a broader societal context.