3.5 Possessive Adjectives

As demonstrated in the previous exercise, in French you can indicate possession by using the preposition de:

Le livre de Marie. / Marie’s book.
Les cousins de Joseph. / Joseph’s cousins.

You can also indicate possession by using a possessive adjective, the equivalent of “my,” “her,” “our,” etc. Possessive adjectives are used before the noun and must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. Thus, if the noun is feminine, the possessive article must be feminine. For example, the feminine noun famille requires a feminine form.

Mon sac est bleu. / My purse is blue.
Ta mère s’appelle Renée. / Your mother is named Renée.
Leurs enfants sont grands. / Their children are big.


Possessive Adjectives
mon ma mes my
ton ta tes your (familiar)
son sa ses his or her or its
notre notre nos our
votre votre vos your (formal or plural)
leur leur leurs their

Note that the possessive adjective sa has three potential translations in English: his, her, or its. To determine which meaning is intended, you must look at the context.

We use mon, ton and son with feminine singular nouns that begin with a vowel or with an h.

Example: Mon amie. / My (feminine) friend.

Exercise 7: Les Adjectifs Possessifs

Word choice

Exercise 8: Mes choses

Fill in the Blanks

This section includes content derived from Français Interactif, originally released under CC BY 3.0Liberté, originally released under CC BY-NC-SA, and Tex’s French Grammar, originally released under CC BY 3.0.


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Introduction to French (2nd ed.) Copyright © 2017 by Rita Palacios and Edited by Michelle Schwartz is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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