Job Description

Job Description

The job description is essentially a standardized summary of a job analysis. Job descriptions are usually very concise documents but they should always include the following components:

  1. Date
  2. Job title
  3. National Occupation Classification (NOC) code
  4. Job functions (the tasks the employee performs)
  5. KSA (Knowledge, Skills and Abilities) – what an employee is expected to know and be able to do, as well as personal attributes
  6. Education and experience required
  7. Physical requirements of the job (ability to lift, see, or hear, for example)

Once the job description has been written, it can be modified to use for recruiting or filed in the HR department records. Most importantly it also serves to inform the employee and respective manager regarding the job (role) and setting respective expectations. Before we discuss specific recruitment strategies, we should address the law and how it relates to hiring. This is the topic of Section 4.2 “The Law and Recruitment”.

The National Occupation Classification (NOC) Code

The NOC provides a standardized nomenclature for describing the work performed by Canadians. It serves as a framework to:

  • define and collect statistics related to work and jobs in Canada
  • analyze labour market trends in Canada
  • extract practical career planning information

For example, statistics gathered for Human Resources Manager (NOC 0112) shows the following trends:

Human Resources Managers

Human resources managers plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the operations of human resources and personnel departments, and develop and implement policies, programs and procedures regarding human resource planning, recruitment, collective bargaining, training and development, occupation classification and pay and benefit administration.

These are the statistics for pet-sitter (NOC 6163):

Pet-sitter in Canada | Labour Market Facts and Figures

Find key facts and figures about working as a pet-sitter in Canada: available jobs, wages, career prospects, skills, job requirements and more. Visit Job Bank to learn about this occupation or for more information about the Canadian labour market.

Tips to Writing a Good Job Description

  • Be sure to include the pertinent information:

    • Title
    • NOC code
    • Department
    • Reports to
    • Duties and responsibilities
    • Terms of employment
    • Qualifications needed
  • Think of the job description as a snapshot of the job.
  • Communicate clearly and concisely.
  • Make sure the job description is interesting to the right candidate applying for the job.
  • Avoid acronyms.
  • Don’t try to fit all job aspects into the job description.
  • Proofread the job description.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Human Resources Management - 2nd Ontario Edition Copyright © 2022 by Elizabeth Cameron is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book