APA Style

Learning outcomes:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  1. explain why it is important to document sources,
  2. describe different types of commonly used citation styles,
  3. know how to construct and use citations in your own work.


Please watch the following video to learn some key facts about citations.  Make sure you take note of the section on “common knowledge”:


Check your understanding:

The Importance of Scholarly Sharing:

As you learned in the plagiarism module, by giving credit to your sources you are contributing to the conversation of scholarship!

What does this mean? Citing your sources allows others to conduct further research into your topic by following the same path you took and drawing their own conclusions.  Appropriate sourcing also demonstrates that you are a respectful and diligent researcher, which is essential to your professional reputation.

ncLibraries Citation + Plagiarism Guide:

The ncLibraries Citation + Plagiarism guide is a tool created to help you construct citations successfully. Please review the guide and complete the digital “scavenger hunt” below (all of the answers can be found in the guide):

APA Jumble:

Use the Citation + Plagiarism guide to help you choose the correct reference in this APA jumble.

Integrating your citations:

In order to ensure you avoid plagiarism, you also need to integrate sources into your work correctly.

You may have noticed the examples in the previous tutorial forgot to emphasize this point, so here is a helpful guide to help you use your sources appropriately (examples are APA Style): Integrating Quotations.pptx.

You can also download helpful tip sheets from College Libraries Ontario’s Learning Portal, including:

Check your understanding:

Citation Generators:

There are a number of citation generators available online for free and from library databases.  These are extremely useful tools, but always make sure to proofread your results!

Check your understanding:

Additional Resource: The Learning Portal

Visit College Libraries Ontario’s Learning Portal for further resources on citing and referencing.


Buck, S. (n.d.). Why you need to cite sources [Video file]. Retrieved from https://softchalkcloud.com/lesson/serve/iLrlI5R1x7FUmo/html

HumberLibraries. (2014, November 12). APA in minutes [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/m1jDr93WC4A?list=PLOjUhNG9PY-GI5hMLuxDQ2yyiCcdVJNa0

Klaudinyi, K. (n.d.). Incorporating sources into your research paper [Video file]. Retrieved from https://softchalkcloud.com/lesson/serve/8kJ0PRcb3E9wlo/html

Memorial University Libraries. (2013, September 10). Referencing sources in APA style: A basic introduction [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/gGtkh_-9OC0

NC Libraries. (2014, December 19). Don’t lose “cite” of avoiding plagiarism [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/IJIqWTAN8Qc

NC Libraries. (2017, October 4). The why, where, and when of citing [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/4sMLdrwVzvo

NC Libraries. (2018, December 17). Citation generation with ncLibraries [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/qZt3FBOx1Fs

Further Questions:

Email library@niagaracollege.ca.


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Niagara College Libraries + Learning Commons Information Skills Online Handbook Copyright © 2020 by Jackie Chambers Page and Siscoe Boschman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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