Canada has one of the best vaccine safety programs in the world. There is a strong system in place to monitor the safety of vaccines. Every batch of vaccine is tested according to strict guidelines for safety and quality before it is used. After vaccines are given, severe or unusual reactions are monitored by public health agencies at the local, provincial, and national level.
Health professionals play an important role in the implementation and evaluation of vaccines throughout the . When health professionals are knowledgeable about the rigour of vaccine testing both pre and post-licensure, it positions them to have informed conversations with clients and respond to concerns related to vaccine safety. Before any vaccine is approved for use in Canada, it must meet numerous requirements including in-depth scientific reviews on , stability, , toxicity, and safety. After vaccines have been licensed for use, rigorous evaluation continues to ensure ongoing safety. Post-marketing surveillance of add to the continuous safety checks following vaccine licensure.
Refers to the various stages of vaccine development and delivery
Efficacy is measured in controlled clinical trials, whereas effectiveness is measured once the vaccine is approved for use in the general population
The study of congenital abnormalities during development
Any untoward medical occurrence in a vaccine which follows immunization and may not necessarily have a causal relationship with the administration of the vaccine