Chapter 9 – Maintaining internal balance

Learning Outcomes

9.1. Explain various external cues and their relevance for animal internal balance;

9.2. Describe general cell signaling strategies and explain types of hormones and their signaling pathways in endocrine communication; and,

9.3. Use different hormone examples (molting, digestion and circadian rhythm-related) to explain their role in maintaining homeostasis.

The content of this chapter was adapted from the Concepts of Biology-1st Canadian Edition open textbook by Charles Molnar and Jane Gair and Anatomy and Physiology open textbook.


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Introductory Animal Physiology by Sanja Hinic-Frlog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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