Bibliography: Additional Resources

Books, publications, journals, and websites on Global Women’s Issues


  • Kashf Foundation (
    • The Kashf Foundation provides microfinance loans to women in Pakistan.
  • Quisumbing, Agnes R., et al. “Are Women Over-Represented Among the Poor? An Analysis of Poverty in Ten Developing Countries.” Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 66, No. 1 (August 2001): pp. 225-269.
  • Women Thrive Worldwide (
    • Women Thrive Worldwide is a nonprofit organization which advocates for policies that foster economic opportunity for women living in poverty.


  • Bahia Street, Equality Through Education (

    • Bahia Street is a nonprofit organization that works to break cycles of poverty and violence through quality education for impoverished girls and young women in Salvador, Brazil
  • The Millenium Development Goals Report 2011 [PDF] (
  • Tostan Jokko Initiative (
    • Tostan is a nongovernmental organization whose mission is to empower African communities through sustainable development and positive social transformation based on respect for human rights. Tostan provides education to adults and adolescents who have not had access to formal schooling.


Violence Against Women

  • Baker, Nancy V., et al. “Family Killing Fields: Honor Rationales in the Murder of Women.” Violence Against Women, Vol. 5, No. 2 (February 1999): pp. 164-184.
  • Garcia-Moreno, Claudia, et al. WHO Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence Against Women. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2005.
  • Heise, Lori, et al. “Ending Violence Against Women.” Population Reports, Series L, No. 11. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University School of Public Health, 1999.
  • Krug, Etienne, et al. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2002. (
  • South Kivu Women’s Media Association (AFEM) (
    • A blog from the South Kivu Women’s Media Association (AFEM-SK), Congo, a nonprofit organization campaigning for women’s rights.
  • Tjaden, Patricia, et al. Full Report of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2000.
  • United Nations General Assembly. Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (Resolution document A/REX/48/104). New York, NY: United Nations, 1993.
  • Watts, Charlotte, et al. “Violence Against Women: Global Scope and Magnitude.” The Lancet, Vol. 359, No. 9313 (April 6, 2002): pp. 1232-1237. (

Armed Conflict

  • Cockburn, Cynthia, “The Continuum of Violence: A Gender Perspective on War and Peace.” Sites of Violence: Gender and Conflict Zones. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004.
  • United Nations Peacekeeping/Women in Peacekeeping (
    • The U.N. has increasingly given women roles in peacekeeping forces.
  • Women for Women International (
    • Women for Women International gives hope to women survivors of war and conflict and helps them move toward economic self-sufficiency with programs of direct aid, rights education, job skills training, and small business development.


Power and Decisionmaking

  • Soroptimist International White Paper, Women at Work, 2010 (
  • Vital Voices, Mentoring (

    • Vital Voices Global Partnership is a nongovernmental organization that identifies, trains, and empowers emerging women leaders and social entrepreneurs around the globe.
  • Women in National Parliaments (
    • The International Parliamentary Union tracks the number of women in parliaments.
  • Women’s Leadership: The Next 100 Years (

    • Women’s Leadership: The Next Hundred Years is an initiative of the International Visitor Leadership Program of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State. It celebrates the historic accomplishments of women and provides opportunities for the participants to network with their U.S. counterparts and each other.

Human Rights


  • Bradley, Patricia. Women and the Press: The Struggle for Equality. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2005.
  • Epstein, Cynthia. “The Women’s Movement and the Women’s Pages.” Hearth & Home: Images of Women in the Mass Media (pp. 216-221). New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • Gender Links(
    • This South African organization works for gender equality in three core program areas: the media, governance, and gender justice.
  • International Women’s Media Foundation (IWMF) (

    • The IWMF offers news and training designed to strengthen the role of women in the news media worldwide.
  • Who Makes the News? Global Media Monitoring Project (

    • Who Makes the News? is the largest and longest longitudinal study on gender in the world’s news media.
  • Women’s Edition – Population Reference Bureau (

    • Senior-level women editors, reporters, and producers from influential media organizations in developing countries examine and report on pressing issues affecting women’s health and status.
  • Women’s Publishers/Women’s Institute for Freedom of the Press (

    • Women’s publishers are listed here.


The Girl Child


Image Credits

All photographs are credited © AP Images with exception of the following:

Figure 0.3: U.S. Department of State, Figure 1.4: Courtesy of Roshaneh Zafar, Figure 1.5: Courtesy of Kashf Foundation, Figure 1.6: © Gilvan Barreto/Oxfam, Figure 1.7: Photograph by Lacey Kohlmoos, Figure 2.1: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe, Figure 2.2: The World Bank/Shehzad Noorani, Figure 2.3: PRNewsFoto/Motorola, Inc., Aynsley Floyd, Figure 2.4: Courtesy of Bahia Street, Figure 2.5: Courtesy of Bahia Street, Figure 2.6: Courtesy of Tostan Jokko, Figure 2.7: Courtesy of Tostan Jokko, Figure 3.1: The World Bank/Curt Carnemark, Figure 3.3: USAID/ADRA, Salohi/Jules Bosco, Figure 3.4: U.S. Department of State, Figure 3.5: USAID/Tanya Habjouga, Figure 3.6: Gideon Mendel/Corbis for UNICEF, Figure 3.7: Gideon Mendel/Corbis for UNICEF, Figure 4.1: Michael Kamber/The New York Times/Redux, Figure 4.3: Courtesy of AFEM South Kivu, Figure 4.4: Courtesy of Vital Voices Global Partnership, Photograph by Chris Wright, Figure 4.5: Courtesy of ADVN, Photographs by Wang Tao, Figure 4.6: Courtesy of ADVN, Photographs by Wang Tao, Figure 5.4: Andrew H. Walker/Getty Images, Figure 5.5: Courtesy of Women for Women International, Figure 5.6: Issouf Sanogo/AFP/Getty Images, Figure 6.1: The World Bank/Yuri Mechitov, Figure 6.2: USAID/Richard Nyberg, Figure 6.3: Courtesy of Lubna Olayan, Figure 6.4: Courtesy of Vital Voices Global Partnership, Photograph by Sharon Farmer, Figure 7.2: USAID/Maureen Taft-Morales, Figure 7.4: Claudio Santana/AFP/Getty Images, Figure 8.3: OSCE/Oleksandr Vodyannikov, Figure 8.5: OAS/Juan Manuel Herrera, Figure 9.3: © Somaly Mam Foundation, Figure 9.4: EyesWideOpen/Getty Images, Figure 9.5: Courtesy of UNIFEM, Figure 9.6: Courtesy of UNIFEM, Figure 10.2: Romeo Gacad/AFP/Getty Images, Figure 10.3: USAID/Ben Barber, Figure 10.4: Fred R. Conrad/The New York Times/Redux, Figure 10.5: Courtesy of Women’s Edition, Figure 10.6: Courtesy of Women’s Edition, Figure 11.2: USAID/Alain Mukeba, Figure 11.4: Photographs by Alexey Milovanov, Figure 11.5: Courtesy of Anu Saxena. Figure 11.6: Courtesy of Anu Saxena, Figure 12.3: Courtesy of KMG Ethiopia, Figure 12.4: Courtesy of KMG Ethiopia, Figure 12.6: Courtesy of Dalia Al-Eryani.

Global Women’s Issues: Women in the World Today

Published in 2012 by: Bureau of International Information Programs
United States Department of State
ISBN (paper)
ISBN (ePub-fixed layout)
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Coordinator: Dawn L. McCall
Executive Editor: Nicholas S. Namba
Publications Office Director: Michael Jay Friedman
Editorial Director: Mary T. Chunko
Managing Editors: Lea Terhune and Megan Wong
Design Director: Min-Chih Yao
Photo researcher: Ann Monroe Jacobs


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This work (Global Women's Issues: Women in the World Today, extended version by Bureau of International Information Programs, United States Department of State) is free of known copyright restrictions.

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