Works Cited

The Value of Philosophy

Plato – Apology, Trans. by Benjamin Jowett

Bertrand Russell – from Problems of Philosophy (ch. 15)



Rene Descartes – from Meditations on First Philosophy (Book I, II), Trans. by John Veitch

John Locke – from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Book I, Ch. 1, Book II, Ch. I)

George Berkeley –  from Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonis (First, Second Dialogues)

David Hume – from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Sect. IV, Part I,II)

Immanuel Kant – from The Critique of Pure Reason (Introduction Part I-VII), Trans. John Meiklejohn

William James – from Pragmatism (Lecture II)



Plato –  from Republic Book VII, Trans. Benjamin Jowett

Plato – from Parmenides, Trans. Benjamin Jowett

Aristotle –  from Categories (Ch. 4, 5), Trans. Octavius Freire Owen

Aristotle – from On Interpretation, (Ch. 1-9), Trans Octavius Freire Owen

Gottfried Wilhelm Liebniz – from Discourse on Metaphysics (VIII-XIII)

David Hume – from An Enquiry into Human Understanding (Sect IV, Part 1-3)

Bertrand Russell – from Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits


Philosophy of Religion

Anselm –  from Prosologion (Ch. 2-5)

Thomas Aquinas – from Summa Theologiae

Blaise Pascal – from Pensées (Sect. 3)

Hume, David – from Miracles (Sect X. Part I, II)

Søren Kierkegaard – from Encounter with Faith

William James – from The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy

William Paley – The Watch and the Watchmaker from Natural Theology;view=fulltext


Ethics and Morality

Plato – from Republic (Book II), Trans. Benjamin Jowett

Aristotle – from Nicomachean Ethics (Book One), Trans. D.P. Chase

David Hume – from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (Sect. 1)

Immanuel Kant – from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (Second Section), Trans. Thomas Kingsmill Abbott

Jeremy Bentham – from The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Ch. I, IV)

John Stuart Mill – from Utilitarianism (Ch. 1, 2)


Socio-Political Philosophy

Thomas Hobbes –  from Leviathan (Ch. XIII, XIV, XV)

John Locke – from The Second Treatise of Government (Book II, Ch. V.)

Jean-Jacques Rousseau – from Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men (Part 2)

Mary Wollstonecraft – from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects (Ch. 2)

Karl Marx – from The Communist Manifesto

Bertrand Russell – from Anti-Suffragist Anxieties

John Stuart Mill – from The Subjection of Women (Ch. 1)


Art and Aesthetics

Plato – Republic (Book X), Trans. Benjamin Jowett

Aristotle – Poetics (Part VI), Trans. S.H. Butcher

David Hume – from Of the Standard of Taste, in Four Dissertations

Immanuel Kant – from The Critique of Aesthetical Judgement (Book 1, Sect. 1 – 5)

Edmund Burke – from A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (Part 1, VII, Part II, 1-XXII)


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

The Originals: Classic Readings in Western Philosophy Copyright © 2017 by Dr. Jeff McLaughlin is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book