21 Screening for Red and Yellow Flags

Screening for Red and Yellow Flags

Red flags are signs and symptoms that raise suspicion of serious underlying pathology, if a serious pathology is suspected a clinical decision should be made to refer the patient to an appropriate healthcare practitioner.

  • Red Flags for Back Pain – For patients with low back pain there are several serious spinal pathologies to be aware of, these are cauda equina syndrome, spinal fracture, malignancy, and spinal infection (Finucane et al., 2020).

Yellow flags are psychosocial and occupational factors that may affect patient presentation and treatment approaches and outcomes.


PhysioTutors: Screening for Red Flags

 


PhysioTutors: What are Yellow Flags and Why are They Important?


References and Sources

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Cook, C. E., George, S. Z., & Reiman, M. P. (2018). Red flag screening for low back pain: nothing to see here, move along: a narrative review. British journal of sports medicine, 52(8), 493–496. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098352

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Hayden, J. A., Wilson, M. N., Riley, R. D., Iles, R., Pincus, T., & Ogilvie, R. (2019). Individual recovery expectations and prognosis of outcomes in non-specific low back pain: prognostic factor review. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2019(11), CD011284. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD011284.pub2

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