The use of intravenous (IV) therapy is common in the health care setting. IV therapy is a treatment that infuses fluids, nutrients, blood, blood products, or medication directly into a vein. It is a fast, efficient way to infuse fluids and medications into the body.
This chapter will review how to care for a patient with peripheral intravenous therapy and central venous catheters. It will cover how to prepare IV infusions, and how to assess, maintain, and prevent complications related to intravenous therapy.
- Define patient conditions
- Discuss how to prevent infections related to IV therapy, general guidelines, and complications associated with IV therapy
- Compare the benefits and complications related to a peripheral IV for administering IV therapy
- Identify common types of central venous catheters and the benefits and complications associated with them
- Demonstrate how to flush a saline lock, start a continuous IV infusion, discontinue a continuous infusion, and discontinue a peripheral IV
- Describe how to change IV solution and IV tubing, and how to calculate IV rates
- Discuss indications for blood and blood product transfusions
- Describe how to prepare, administer, and monitor blood and blood products and manage transfusion reactions according to Canadian standards
- Define total parenteral nutrition (TPN), explain how to care for a patient receiving TPN, and identify potential complications
- Explain how to administer TPN