Elements of Collaboration

In building upon the first lesson, we now explore to how collaboration occurs. Understanding how collaboration takes place in the contemporary problem domain has been of keen interest to scholars. We start this lesson by presenting general elements of collaboration. These common elements are synthesized from scholarly works that have conceptualized various forms of working together (e.g., Selin & Chavez, 1995; Plummer & FitzGibbon, 2004; Ansell & Gash, 2008). Thereafter, we shift our attention to features specific to a type of collaboration and consider how they occur in practice through a series of case studies.

The phases of cooperation: Initial conditions, Process, and Outcomes

Three elements of how collaboration occurs.


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Building Sustainable Communities: Collaboration by Ryan Plummer; Amanda Smits; Samantha Witkowski; Bridget McGlynn; Derek Armitage; Ella-Kari Muhl; and Jodi Johnston is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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